The mandarin learning
must take into account three aspects: pronunciation, grammar and vocabulary. The divergence in Chinese is mainly manifested in pronunciation. Not only are the phonetic systems of different dialects greatly different from each other, but there are often obvious differences in phonetics within a region or a dialect, while the differences between dialect and mandarin are limited in terms of vocabulary and grammar. It can be said that phonetic differences are the main cause of communication difficulties. Therefore, the key to learning mandarin is to learn the standard pronunciation based on Beijing pronunciation. Only through the training of mouth and ear can we learn it well.
Learning Mandarin phonetics includes two parts: pronunciation and orthoepy. Accurate pronunciation is the most basic requirement of language learning. The accuracy of pronunciation is related to listening and distinguishing abilities, so the pronunciation distinguishing ability should be improved first. After mastering the correct pronunciation, we should practice again and again to get a good command of it. Orthoepy refers to mastering the standard pronunciation of Chinese words and expressions, and correcting the dialect-influenced phonetic habit of deviating from Mandarin, which actually is a kind of memory training. The differences between Mandarin and dialect are not totally disordered. If you understand the corresponding rules between Mandarin and dialect, you don't have to memorize one sound by one sound, but one group by one group. On the basis of correct pronunciation, we should gradually apply it to the actual oral language through reading aloud and conversation practice.